RunSensible’s Legal Dictionary

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Legal Dictionary


In legal contexts, the term “contra” is commonly used to indicate opposition or contradiction. It is often used in legal arguments or discussions to present an opposing viewpoint or argument against a particular legal position, claim, or interpretation. There are a few common ways “contra” is used in the legal field:

– Contra Proferentem: This legal principle means “against the drafter” and is used when interpreting ambiguous terms in a contract. If there is a dispute about the meaning of a term in a contract, the principle of contra proferentem suggests that any ambiguity should be resolved against the party who drafted the contract.

– Contra Indicatum Sententiam: This Latin term means “against the indicated meaning” and can be used in legal arguments to show that a particular interpretation or implication goes against the intended meaning of a law or legal provision.

– Contra Non Valentem Agere: This Latin phrase means “against one unable to act” and is used to refer to situations where someone is unable to take legal action due to some incapacity, such as illness or disability. In such cases, the law may be interpreted in favor of the party who is unable to act.

– Contra Proferentem Rule: This is a specific rule used in insurance contract interpretation. It holds that ambiguous terms in an insurance policy should be construed against the insurance company that drafted the policy since the insurance company had the opportunity to make the terms clear.

In summary, “contra” is used in the legal field to emphasize opposition, contradiction, or an argument against a particular legal position, interpretation, or action.

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