RunSensible’s Legal Dictionary

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Disclosure Statement

A disclosure statement is a document or statement that provides information about specific facts or relationships that may be relevant to a particular transaction, agreement, or relationship. Disclosure statements are commonly used to ensure transparency and inform parties involved about potential conflicts of interest, risks, or other pertinent information.
In civil litigation, parties are often required to exchange disclosure statements as part of the pre-trial discovery process. These statements typically include details about the evidence each party intends to rely on during the trial. It helps prevent surprises during the trial and allows each side to prepare their case adequately.
While in criminal cases, both the prosecution and the defense may be required to provide disclosure statements to each other. These statements typically include details about the evidence, witnesses, and additional information that will be presented during the trial.
Individuals may be also required to provide financial disclosure statements in family law cases, such as divorce proceedings. These statements outline their financial situation, including income, assets, debts, and expenses. This information is crucial in determining issues such as spousal support, child support, and property division.
Disclosure statements may be used in real estate law or securities law. For example, parties involved in a real estate transaction may provide disclosure statements to inform buyers about any known defects or issues with the property, or companies that issue stocks or other securities are often required to provide disclosure statements to potential investors. These statements disclose essential information about the company’s financial health, business operations, and potential risks.
Additionally, debtors are typically required to submit a disclosure statement and a proposed reorganization plan in bankruptcy cases. The disclosure statement provides creditors with information about the debtor’s financial situation and the proposed plan for repaying debts.

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