RunSensible’s Legal Dictionary

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In property law, a lien is a legal right or interest that a lender has in a borrower’s property until the debt obligation is satisfied. It serves as a security interest for the lender, providing a means to recover the value of the loan or debt in case the borrower defaults.

There are different types of liens that can arise in various situations. Some common types of liens include:

– Mortgage Lien: When you take out a mortgage to purchase a home, the lender usually places a mortgage lien on the property. This gives the lender the right to seize the property if the borrower fails to repay the loan.

– Mechanic’s Lien: If a contractor or subcontractor performs work on a property and isn’t paid, they may place a mechanic’s lien on the property. This gives them a claim to the property’s value until they are paid for the services or materials provided.

– Tax Lien: A tax lien is placed on a property by the government when the property owner fails to pay property taxes. This gives the government the right to seize the property to satisfy the unpaid taxes.

– Judgment Lien: A judgment lien is placed on a property by a creditor when a court awards a money judgment to the creditor. This allows the creditor to collect the judgment amount from the sale of the property.

Consensual Liens:  Consensual liens are voluntary liens created by agreement between the parties. For example, when you take out a car loan, the lender may place a consensual lien on the vehicle until the loan is repaid.

Liens are an important aspect of property law as they define and secure property rights. The nature of liens can differ depending on the jurisdiction and the type of lien in question. It is crucial for property owners and parties involved in transactions to have a clear understanding of the impact of liens on real property.

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